By G. Thorald. Drury University.
Where can I find the precedent for this particular problem? Pete Wright: One publishing company had a program about "Building Defensible Programs" cheap 10 mg simvastatin visa, i generic 10 mg simvastatin amex. The program was actually quite good and said in essence: provide a good program and you wont get sued cheap simvastatin 40 mg overnight delivery. My county is about to build a NEW and BETTER segregated facility for about 350 from 7 school districts safe simvastatin 40 mg. Pete Wright: pvx buy simvastatin 10 mg cheap, more info, new and better segregated, do you mean a special education school, or one that will not have special education kids? Pam Wright: The amended IDEA focuses more on LRE which means more inclusion, read Appendix A, and find a way to structure your complaint so it is easy for OCR (Office of Civil Rights) to rule in your favor. Pete Wright: OH and mental retardation are out, or in the school? Pete Wright: Try to look at other OCR complaints and polish it up so that it is visually very attractive to read. Assuming you mean it is a school for kids with disabilities only, OCR would be very interested in your complaint. Pam Wright: But you need to present a very polished complaint! Pete Wright: So often, letters and complaints are not well put together and have a strike against them before even being read. My son was referred in Sept of 1998 and we did not have a Children with Special Education meeting until the following Sept. I would like the Special Department and the school to be penalized for this but according to my Esq. Pete Wright: It would all depend on very specific facts. Did you know of timeline being extended and not act on that. Courts uniformly say, one who sleeps on their rights, waives them. Or, in the alternative: what type of penalty were you thinking about? If the delay did not create harm, Courts say, no harm, no foul, thus it is very fact specific, and also, sometimes you may have a good claim, but to exercise it in the end may create damage to the child. And if your attorney handles special education law, then that person may be advising you based on the totality of the situation. What could you really recover has to be the real question. However, I think what Pete and Pam are saying is, you are better off working within the system, than expending emotional and financial energy trying to fight it, if you can. Are some categories/labels more "powerful" than others? Pam Wright: Child should receive what the child needs, regardless of the "label". The revised IDEA says child should get services, even with NO label! Pete Wright: Label does not drive either services or the IEP. The law was changed in 1997 and is very clear about that. Policies within school districts may not have changed however. If your child needs the services and suffers from the new, unknown, wrightslaw syndrome, and a heretofore new disturbing label, should that exclude the child from some services and open door to others? Kerny1: I have a daughter with borderline mental retardation IQ. She is in a regular fourth grade class receiving push-in Special Education services. She is having difficulty mastering the grade level subjects. Can she go to fifth grade and have her program modified to her level even though it is NOT grade 5 level work as the other students? Pete Wright: To kerny1, issue is acquisition of the basic reading, writing, arithmetic and spelling skills, as primary over all other issues, such as 5th grade vs. It is important to master the basic skills, which can be done, but may require more intense services.
ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) also contains the following inactive ingredients: gelatin buy simvastatin 20 mg, mannitol buy simvastatin 20 mg on line, aspartame generic 40mg simvastatin visa, sodium methyl paraben and sodium propyl paraben discount 20mg simvastatin. ZYPREXA IntraMuscular (olanzapine for injection) is intended for intramuscular use only order simvastatin 40mg otc. Each vial provides for the administration of 10 mg (32 emol) olanzapine with inactive ingredients 50 mg lactose monohydrate and 3. Hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide may have been added during manufacturing to adjust pH. Olanzapine is a selective monoaminergic antagonist with high affinity binding to the following receptors: serotonin 5HT=4 and 11 nM, respectively), dopamine D=7 nM), and adrenergic (alpha) 1 receptors (K=19 nM). Olanzapine binds weakly to GABA, BZD, and (beta) adrenergic receptors (KThe mechanism of action of olanzapine, as with other drugs having efficacy in schizophrenia, is unknown. The mechanism of action of olanzapine in the treatment of acute manic episodes associated with Bipolar I Disorder is unknown. Antagonism at receptors other than dopamine and 5HTwith similar receptor affinities may explain some of the other therapeutic and side effects of olanzapine. Olanzapine is well absorbed and reaches peak concentrations in approximately 6 hours following an oral dose. It is eliminated extensively by first pass metabolism, with approximately 40% of the dose metabolized before reaching the systemic circulation. Food does not affect the rate or extent of olanzapine absorption. Pharmacokinetic studies showed that ZYPREXA tablets and ZYPREXA ZYDIS (olanzapine orally disintegrating tablets) dosage forms of olanzapine are bioequivalent. Olanzapine displays linear kinetics over the clinical dosing range. Its half-life ranges from 21 to 54 hours (5th to 95th percentile; mean of 30 hr), and apparent plasma clearance ranges from 12 to 47 L/hr (5th to 95th percentile; mean of 25 L/hr). Administration of olanzapine once daily leads to steady-state concentrations in about one week that are approximately twice the concentrations after single doses. Plasma concentrations, half-life, and clearance of olanzapine may vary between individuals on the basis of smoking status, gender, and age ( see Special Populations ). Olanzapine is extensively distributed throughout the body, with a volume of distribution of approximately 1000 L. It is 93% bound to plasma proteins over the concentration range of 7 to 1100 ng/mL, binding primarily to albumin and (alpha) 1 -acid glycoprotein. Metabolism and Elimination -- Following a single oral dose of 14 C labeled olanzapine, 7% of the dose of olanzapine was recovered in the urine as unchanged drug, indicating that olanzapine is highly metabolized. Approximately 57% and 30% of the dose was recovered in the urine and feces, respectively. In the plasma, olanzapine accounted for only 12% of the AUC for total radioactivity, indicating significant exposure to metabolites. Both metabolites lack pharmacological activity at the concentrations observed. Direct glucuronidation and cytochrome P450 (CYP) mediated oxidation are the primary metabolic pathways for olanzapine. In vitro studies suggest that CYPs 1A2 and 2D6, and the flavin-containing monooxygenase system are involved in olanzapine oxidation. CYP2D6 mediated oxidation appears to be a minor metabolic pathway in vivo, because the clearance of olanzapine is not reduced in subjects who are deficient in this enzyme. ZYPREXA IntraMuscular results in rapid absorption with peak plasma concentrations occurring within 15 to 45 minutes. Based upon a pharmacokinetic study in healthy volunteers, a 5 mg dose of intramuscular olanzapine for injection produces, on average, a maximum plasma concentration approximately 5 times higher than the maximum plasma concentration produced by a 5 mg dose of oral olanzapine. Area under the curve achieved after an intramuscular dose is similar to that achieved after oral administration of the same dose. The half-life observed after intramuscular administration is similar to that observed after oral dosing. The pharmacokinetics are linear over the clinical dosing range. Metabolic profiles after intramuscular administration are qualitatively similar to metabolic profiles after oral administration. Renal Impairment -- Because olanzapine is highly metabolized before excretion and only 7% of the drug is excreted unchanged, renal dysfunction alone is unlikely to have a major impact on the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine. The pharmacokinetic characteristics of olanzapine were similar in patients with severe renal impairment and normal subjects, indicating that dosage adjustment based upon the degree of renal impairment is not required. The effect of renal impairment on metabolite elimination has not been studied. Hepatic Impairment -- Although the presence of hepatic impairment may be expected to reduce the clearance of olanzapine, a study of the effect of impaired liver function in subjects (n=6) with clinically significant (Childs Pugh Classification A and B) cirrhosis revealed little effect on the pharmacokinetics of olanzapine. Age -- In a study involving 24 healthy subjects, the mean elimination half-life of olanzapine was about 1.
But he identified a whole new class of disorders: the self-disorders buy 10mg simvastatin amex. These are the result of the perturbed development of narcissism simvastatin 20mg overnight delivery. Self disorders are the results of childhood traumas of either not being "seen" quality simvastatin 10mg, or of being regarded as an "extension" of the parents buy 20 mg simvastatin visa, a mere instrument of gratification generic simvastatin 10 mg mastercard. Such children develop to become adults who are not sure that they do exist (lack a sense of self-continuity) or that they are worth anything (lack of stable sense of self-worth, or self-esteem). Horney said that personality was shaped mostly by environmental issues, social or cultural. Horney believed that people (children) needed to feel secure, to be loved, protected, emotionally nourished and so on. Horney argued that anxiety is a primary reaction to the very dependence of the child on adults for his survival. Children are uncertain (of love, protection, nourishment, nurturance), so they become anxious. Defenses such as narcissism are developed to compensate for the intolerable and gradual realisation that adults are merely human: capricious, unfair, unpredictable, non-dependable. Defences provide both satisfaction and a sense of security. Otto Kernberg (1975, 1984, 1987) is a senior member of the Object Relations school in Psychology (comprising also Kohut, Klein, and Winnicott). Kernberg regards as artificial the division between Object Libido (energy directed at people) and Narcissistic Libido (energy directed at the self). Whether the child develops a normal or a pathological form of narcissism depends on the relations between the representations of the self (the image of the self that the child forms in his or her mind) and the representations of objects (the images of other people that the child forms in his or her mind). It is also dependent on the relationship between the representations of the self and real objects. The development of pathological narcissism is also determined by instinctual conflicts related both to the libido and to aggression. The Self is dependent upon the unconscious, which exerts a constant influence on all mental functions. Pathological narcissism, therefore, reflects a libidinal investment in a pathologically structured Self and not in a normal, integrative structure of the Self. The narcissist suffers from a Self, which is devalued or fixated on aggression. All object relations of such a pathological Self are detached from the real objects (because they often cause hurt and narcissistic injury) and involve dissociation, repression, or projection onto other objects. Narcissism is not merely a fixation on an early developmental stage. It is not confined to the failure to develop intra-psychic structures. It is an active, libidinal investment in a deformed structure of the Self. Fred - Narcissism: Socrates, the Frankfurt School and Psychoanalytic Theory - New Haven and London, Yale University Press - 1988 ISBN 0300040644Fairbairn, W. Davis, contributor) - Disorders of Personality: DSM IV and Beyond - 2nd ed. Psychoanalytic Association - 22 (1974): 292-305Stern, Daniel - The Interpersonal World of the Infant: A View from Psychoanalysis and Developmental Psychology - New York, Basic Books, 1985 ISBN 0465095895Vaknin, Sam - Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited - Skopje and Prague, Narcissus Publications, 1999-2005 ISBN 8023833847Zweig, Paul - The Heresy of Self-Love: A Study of Subversive Individualism - New York, Basic Books, 1968 ISBN 0691013713 The narcissist is an actor in a monodrama, yet forced to remain behind the scenes. He feeds off other people who hurl back at him an image that he projects to them. This is their sole function in his world: to reflect, to admire, to applaud, to detest - in a word, to assure him that he exists. Otherwise, they have no right to tax his time, energy, or emotions - so he feels. According to the legend of Narcissus, this Greek boy fell in love with his own reflection in a pond. Presumably, this amply sums up the nature of his namesakes: narcissists. The mythological Narcissus rejected the advances of the nymph Echo and was punished by Nemesis, consigned to pine away as he fell in love with his own reflection - exactly as Echo had pined away for him. Narcissists are punished by echoes and reflections of their problematic personalities up to this very day. My book, Malignant Self Love - Narcissism Revisited , offers a detailed, first-hand account of what it is like to have a Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD). It offers new insights and an organized methodological framework using a new psychodynamic language. Inside this site, and through my book, I survey the main body of research about narcissism. I warn you though, Narcissism is a slippery subject: only with great difficulty can it be captured with words.